Komboloi may be one of the most typical symbols of the Greek easy-going mentality that has been widely established both in Greece and Cyprus since the middle of the 20th century. Yet the history of Komboloi and its origins date back to time, when monks in Mount Athos began making strands of beads by tying knots on a string at regular intervals in order to say their prayers to God. However, in modern times the komboloi is not designed for religious or ceremonial purposes but rather for fun and relaxation.
Whether on the street, on the airplane or in a busy kafeneion downtown you will find people playing with their worry beads in different manners, flips and tricks, thus letting go of their stress and worries as one bead moves deliberately towards the other. The pleasure of the action and the clicking noise of the beads turns the overall performance in an easy motion that is reported to help tension fade away.
The modern Greek word komboloi derives from kombos (knot) and logio (collection) or the verb leo (say). It is said that it is short for the phrase "in every knot I say a prayer
This etymology accounts for the fact that the komboloi actually evolved from komboskini
, the Greek word for prayer rope.
Worry beads may be constructed from any type of bead, although amber, amber resin (such as faturan), and coral are preferred, as they are thought to be more pleasant to handle than non-organic materials such as metal or minerals.
Greek worry beads
generally have an odd number of beads (often one more than a multiple of four, e.g. (4x4)+1, (5x4)+1, and so on, or a prime number, usually 17, 19 or 23) and usually have a head composed of a fixed bead (the so called "priest"), a shield to separate the two threads and help the beads to flow freely, and a tassel (or founda in Greek). Usually the length of worry beads is approximately two palm widths. Hand made komboloi are the best to purchase in Greece and their prices can vary from a few Euros to 1,000 Euros and even more.
The are various ways to handle the komboloi but there are two ways being generally prefered. The first one is a quiet method for indoors, while the other is a noisier one that is acceptable in public places.
The most common quiet method is to start at one end of the thread or chain, near the shield, and to pull the thread forward using that hand's thumb and the side of the index finger until one of the beads is reached. Then the cord is tipped so that the bead falls and hits the shield. This is repeated until all the beads have been tipped and then the user starts over.
The second and louder method is to divide the beads in to two groups. On one end is the shield and a small number of the beads. On the other end is the rest of the beads. Where the two threads are empty, that space is laid between the index and middle fingers. The hand should be in a position where the palm is facing the torso. Then the end behind the hand is swung up and forward so that it hits the other beads, making a noise. The threads are then switched back into the space between the index and middle fingers by holding the threads between the thumb and the side of the index finger. This is repeated rhythmically, creating a louder clicking noise than the quiet method.
Another method is to hold all of the worry beads in one hand and roll them against each other, creating soft clicking sounds.
Until some decades ago the komboloi as well as the begleri (half-worry beads) was only used by men (and it still is being used only by men in rural Greece). Women were disapproved to use it, especially in public, but things have changed and the komboloi has become sort of a fashion accessory very popular in both sexes. In fact, the fact that komboloi keeps your hands occupied in a pleasant manner has been promoted as an excellent way to quit smoking.
In Nafplion you can also find the first and still unique in the world Komboloi Museum
, established in 1998 by Mr and Mrs Evangelinos, who wished to spread the knowledge and history of the traditional Greek komboloi in the two-level museum.